Shikha Mittal


Coronavirus And Its Precautions

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).The disease was first identified in 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei province in central China, and has since spread globally, resulting in the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Muscle pain, sputum production, diarrhea, and sore throat are less common.

Hence COVID-19 is the respiratory disease caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), continues to spread around the world. Therefore The World Health Organization (WHO) has officially called the disease a pandemic—a disease outbreak occurring over a wide geographic area and affecting an exceptionally high proportion of the population. The United States has declared the pandemic a national emergency, and states throughout the country are taking major measures to slow the spread of the disease.

Meanwhile, people in the U.S. are facing significant disruptions, including unprecedented cancellations, postponements, and shutdowns of everything from schools to religious services. For more awareness everybody must know this basic knowledge about COVID-19

How easily can the virus spread?

The virus is moving rapidly around the world. Early evidence suggested that, like other coronaviruses, the virus jumps between people who are in very close contact with each other. It also probably spreads when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Coughs and sneezes produce little droplets of mucus and saliva. If these droplets make it into another person’s eyes, mouth or nose, they can get sick. The viruses in those little droplets can also fall onto surfaces, like tables or doorknobs — if someone touches that surface and touches their eyes, mouth or nose, they can also get sick.

Early research shows that the virus can linger on surfaces such as plastic and stainless steel for a few days, which is why it’s important to clean countertops, doorknobs, and other places people touch regularly. The virus doesn’t appear

According to the  Centers for Disease Control (CDC), early information shows that some people are at higher risk of getting very sick from this virus. This includes older adults and people who have serious chronic medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes and lung disease.

If you are at higher risk for serious illness from COVID-19 because of your age or a serious medical condition, it is extra important for you to take actions to avoid getting sick. Stay home as much as you can and avoid crowds as much as possible. Take everyday precautions to keep space between yourself and others.

What should you do if you have symptoms?

Patients should call their primary care doctors first. Most people with mild symptoms should probably stay home, but those with more serious ones will likely be seen by the doctor. Difficulty breathing, high fever and a deeper, productive cough can be signs of pneumonia and warrant medical attention.

Who is most at risk?

Older adults and those with chronic ailments have higher risks of death and health complications.

What are the Protective measures against the new coronavirus?

  • Wash your hands too. We know your hands are in water all day rinsing color and shampooing strands, but after cleaning up your station at the end of the night give yourself a second and wash your hands too. This is one of the most critical ways to stop the spread of the Coronavirus. Remember, you need soap, to wash under warm water for 20 seconds or more, and all over. Soap the tops and palms of your hands with loads of movement to ensure you are ridding hands of germs. 
  • Remember to disinfect commonly used and touched objects like cell phones, doorknobs, light switches and countertops. This mindset should be used at work as well. Also, remember to wipe down machines and weights at the gym.
  • Sneeze and cough in a tissue and throw it away. If no tissue is around, be sure to sneeze or cough in the middle of your arm.
  • Avoid close contact with individuals when you (or they) are sick, especially with a fever.
  • Please maintain social distancing. Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. Because when someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
  • The CDC, the WHO, governments and healthcare workers are all urging people to stay home if they can. Obviously, some people don't have the luxury of working from home, and people still need to venture out to grocery stores and gas stations. But when you can stay home, do so to flatten the curve. 
  • If you do need to leave the house, follow some basic preventative measures.
  • Wear a mask if it is comfortable for you. Follow the CDC’s recommendations for using a facemask. CDC does not recommend that people who are well wear a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19. Facemasks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to others. The use of facemasks is also crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone in close settings, such as at home or in a health care facility.
  • Don’t let this situation stress you. In addition to your physical health, you should take care of your mental health. High stress levels can take a toll on your immune system, which is the opposite of what you want in this situation. 

If you have symptoms of a respiratory infection (sneezing, coughing, runny nose, etc.) you should observe “respiratory etiquette.”- Sit as far from others as possible; Cover your face when sneezing or coughing; Avoid touching others

Kindly Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. As National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves. So Stay Healthy And Stay Protective.